Bard, Alexander E.

Master pnID: 
AMH-PN0155
Degree|Title|Profession: 
dentist
Residence(s): 
Tucson
Mottled Enamel due to Fluoride [editorial]. Ann Intern Med. 1932; 5(10):1321-1323: [excerpt]: The prevalence of mottled enamel in St. David, Arizona, was brought to the attention of investigators at the University of Arizona, in 1930, by A. E. Bard, a dentist of Tucson. Upon investigation* it was found that, with the exception of one family of three children living seven miles south of St. David and the sister-mothers of two other St. David families, every person born and reared in St. David, or coming there at an early age, showed mottling to varying degrees in every permanent tooth. Although mottled enamel was absent from the teeth of domestic animals in St. David and had never been described from other endemic foci, the experimental production of mottled enamel in rats, guinea pigs and dogs was attempted.
*Smith. M. C.; Lantz, Edith, and Smith, H. V.: The cause of mottled enamel. Jr. Dental Research, 1932, xii, 149-159. Also: Technical Bull. No. 32, Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Arizona.
McClure, Frank James. Water fluoridation, the search and the victory. U.S. National Institute of Dental Research, 1970, page 24: "In 1930, Dr. Alexander E. Bard, previously a member of the faculty of the University of Pittsburgh Dental School, was a practicing dentist in Tucson. ... Bard was astounded by the disfiguring evidence of mottle enamel which he saw in so many childen and adults living in the area..."
See also: Rider, Jane H. et al. Experience with Fluorine in Water [with Discussion]. Journal (American Water Works Association), Vol. 27, No. 11 (NOVEMBER, 1935), pp. 1516-1524.

Journal of the American Dental Association, Volume 28, Part 2, 1941, page 1902: Bard, Alexander E., Tucson, Ariz.; University of Pittsburg, School of Dentistry, 1903; died August 20; aged 61.
Last updated Jun 25, 2014 by memcinto